In 2018, we have the following Official Agenda:
The right to safe, drinkable water is a basic human right yet approximately one billion people worldwide lack the access to adaquate drinking water, while citizens of MEDCs tend to wastefully overuse their resources. Thus the issue of water management is quite a burning one and this year the UNEP takes upon itself to seek solutions.
As we humans are diurnal creatures, we made the night as bright as the day by filling it with light. Mainly because of the direction of the light, we pollute our environment which does not only affect our lives, but other animals as migrating birds or sea turtles as well.
Narcotics abuse causes significant dependence that can lead to neglect, depression, crime and global financial issues. Whilst the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs aimed to prohibit production and supply of a great many kinds of narcotics, international drug trade remains at large. The delegates of the UNODC will be tasked with attempting to provide a solution to this very pressing problem.
With right-wing populism being on the rise in the developed world, while terrorism still being a threat to all people around the world, the question of politically fuelled crimes is perhaps more relevant than ever. Whether they are based on race, religion, sexual orientation or political opinions, these acts of violence are all cruel and inhumane. It is now up to the UNODC to act in this matter.
In the age of technology, all people around the world can communicate with each other in a matter of seconds. However, the developments in telecommunication also have a negative side: terrorist organizations can now organize their actions and attacks easier than ever. Monitoring the communication of terrorist cells is a highly difficult task which requires international cooperation, with the ITU being a perfect platform for planning such joint actions.
Information Technology and the Internet are presumably the most important fields of the 21st century, which make them vulnerable on a global scale.The theft or damage of information, the hardware or the software of computer system can have a disastrous affect. The ITU this year will undertake the role to elaborately discuss the question of cyber security to ensure a safer future for a world that increasingly relies on IT.
The treatment of prisoners can be very harsh in some cases. Inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment in prisons is mostly carried out by the guards with what they are going against the basic human rights. Other violations may include the lack of food or health care and medical services. Special emphasis should be put on the rights of imprisoned terrorists and political prisoners.
Despite the fact that we live in the year 2017 where gender equality is more and more commonplace throughout our world, it would yet be an overstatement to say that men and women are one hundred percent equal. The Human Rights Council will be examining the current worldwide status of women's rights and with co-operating to ensure a faster process of humankind towards gender equality.
With the large-scale conflicts and technological advancements of the 20th century, came the urge to produce even more deadly weapons. The results of this urge were chemical, biological and nuclear weapons capable of causing unimaginable destruction. While by now the international community has realized the dangers of weapons of mass destruction and tried to tackle it with several treaties and conventions, the threat is still present. The aim of the delegates will be to find the appropropriate response to these threats.
It is expected that during a military operation, lives of military personnel on both sides will be in danger. In some cases, however, also civilians and unintended targets suffer serious injuries or are killed. The task of the committee will be to come up with the framework for the prevention of such damage and protection of non-combatants and non-combatant property in military operations.
When a hurricane, a tsunami or an earthquake hits, the thought at the forefront of everyone's minds is ensuring the safety of all those affected. After it's gone, however, nothing remains but ruins and devastation, and the area in question is left with the tremendous task of rebuilding. The ECOFIN will be tasked with developing a UN-level financial action plan to facilitate rapid response and ensure a smooth and calm process of reigniting the life of the area in duress.
Economic interdependence of countries, though not a newfound idea and it has always existed, has significantly increased by the disperse of investment and international trade over the last 100 of years. It often occurs when nations are specialized in the production of certain goods or services, and must trade with others to obtain the products they were unable to produce for themselves. This method can easily lead to the exploitation of concerned countries, hence adaquate regulations are needed in the future.
Due to ever-improving scientific research, humanity has been able to tackle countless plagues and illnesses, which have posed a significant danger to human lives in the past. However, further innovation is highly necessary with the emergence of modern-age viruses, such as HIV or ebola. Creating new kinds of medicine raises striking moral questions, as issues such as experimenting on animals or even humans, and certain pills being excessively addictive are still unresolved. Thus the task of the WHO is to find answers to these questions, and create a healthier future for mankind.
Technology is rapidly spreading into more and more aspects of our lives. Whilst it allows us to create, develop, share and enhance, its dissemination also brings about many darker sides - technology could put many people out of their jobs, and the development of artificial intelligence is not limited enough for many to feel comfortable with it. The Economic and Social Council will be discussing the economic and social effects that the spread of technology into multiple purposes has on mankind.
In our times when nuclear energy is still used for both peaceful and military purposes, the world is standing at a crossroads moving forward. The question of how nuclear energy is to be used in the future is one that all affects all member States, whether it concerns nuclear proliferation or the use of nuclear reactors to provide for a country's energy needs.